Plastic surgery encompasses both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. Plastic surgeons are trained to perform both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures on the face and all areas of the body. Reconstructive surgery is performed to treat structures of the body affected aesthetically or functionally by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors, or disease. It is generally done to improve function and ability, but may also be performed to achieve a more typical appearance of the affected structure. Cosmetic plastic surgery includes surgical and nonsurgical procedures that enhance and reshape structures of the body to change the appearance.
Surgical procedures include scar revision, cleft lip and palate repair, hand surgery, breast reconstruction, and a variety of facial plastic surgical procedures.
Source: MedlinePlus and American Society of Plastic Surgeons
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- American Society of Plastic Surgeons
- Excellent site with information about different procedures, safety issues, and more.
- American Board of Plastic Surgery
- Detailed information on the certification of plastic surgeons.